鸟舍101 -用于建造鸟舍的材料



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用于建造鸟舍的材料

建造一个吸引人的、坚固的、经得起风雨的鸟舍是非常容易的。木材是一种特别好的建筑材料,因为它透气、耐用并具有良好的绝缘性能。理想的选择是自然抗腐木材,如雪松、红木或优质的外部胶合板。它应该至少是厚的,否则将导致热积累,这是非常有害的幼鸟。只要里面没有经过污渍或防腐剂的处理,木料是厚木板、粗木板还是成品都不重要。化学品产生的烟雾对鸟类也同样有害。

柏木和雪松木不需要油漆,但松木和胶合板房屋在涂上水性乳胶漆后可以使用更长时间。棕色或深绿色的颜料只涂在外部可以伪装房子,防止粗糙的木板腐烂。紫色马丁的房子通常是白色的,而黄褐色、灰色或暗绿色的工作最好的其他洞巢物种。这些颜色会反射热量,对捕食者来说不那么显眼。

如果需要油漆或清漆来保护木材,永远不要使用含铅的油漆。鸟类可能会啄食涂过漆的木头,并在此过程中摄入有毒的油漆。一个好的选择是在房子外面使用天然的油,如亚麻籽油,它是食品安全的,而不是基于石油的最大安全。房子的内部最好只保留天然木材。

色彩鲜艳的鸟舍看起来很有趣,但也会吸引不必要的注意。当鸟舍融入周围环境时,它有助于保持后院鸟类家庭的安全。鸟类爱好者可以通过使用花园装饰品、垫脚石或鲜花来弥补。

不管用的是哪种木材,在钉住所有的连接处之前用胶水将延长鸟舍的寿命。镀锌或黄铜柄的钉子,铰链和螺钉更抗锈,能够使盒子更紧密地在一起,因为他们的年龄。铰链和紧固件既可以是功能性的,也可以是装饰性的,但必须非常小心,以免有可能伤害鸟类的锋利边缘。

鸟舍绝对不能用金属做,因为夏天炎热的太阳会将金属加热到极高的温度,这会杀死筑巢的鸟。反光金属也会吸引捕食者。紫燕有自己独特的铝制鸟舍。其他可能的材料是精心设计的陶器、混凝土和塑料。混凝土提供了一种独特的保护,因为松鼠无法啃入混凝土。天然葫芦也可以做成非常吸引人的鸟舍。

一些专家建议使用粗糙的锯木,使鸟类更容易用脚抓住。对于某些物种来说,如果室内表面过于光滑,它们就很难走出室内。在房子的内侧前面板上剪开凹槽,或者在入口下面的内侧添加一小条五金布作为鸟类的逃生梯,会使盒子更适合鸟类。

对于住在盒子里的人来说,不需要提供筑巢材料。然而,诸如纱线、纸、羽毛和绳子之类的材料可以放在鸟舍附近。不使用诸如闪光鸟和啄木鸟筑巢材料的鸟舍应该在地板上覆盖一层木屑或软木。

读者评论


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亚历克斯·史密斯11/30/2006)
我做了一个这样的鸟屋,它出来是如此错误,韦德国际1946你可以帮我,但你是棒的


2007年2月14日凯瑟琳在德克萨斯州)
在建造鸟舍时,一定不要使用压力处理(PT)木材。PT木材可能含有砷,这是有毒的成人和后代。PT木材包括尖桩和栏杆从木制隐私围栏,也木制仓库托盘。


卡尔2/4/2008)
有哪些研究证明压力疗法对成年人和后代有害(有毒)?


布伦达莱利5/19/2008)
我不太了解建筑时期。我正在寻找的是如何开始,使用什么和工具的基本知识开始。谢谢。布伦达


Christopher j . 5/25/2016)
为卡尔做谷歌搜索压力处理木材对成年鸟类有毒,并点击第三个结果。阅读整篇文章。安全总比后悔好。只是不要使用任何含铅或其他重金属的东西!


成为jwp三叶草5/25/2016)
我做了一个带单向门的鸟窝。鸟儿进不去。我用大蟒蛇喂它们。免费的食物


吉姆正义5/25/2016)
压力处理木材用于游乐场设备介绍保存和压力处理木材可以提供一些接触木材处理物质的机会。这可能会引起人们对毒性的担忧。不要使用经杂酚油或五氯酚(PCP)处理的木材。砷处理的木材(急性毒性最小)应符合美国木材保护协会的商品标准。请使用保证此标准的供应商。木材处理物质的材料安全数据表(MSDS)可以从供应商处获得。该MSDS概述了其性质、对健康的影响、用于减少接触的防护措施以及泄漏清理程序。如果采取以下预防措施,应显著减少或消除接触砷处理木材中的砷残留物。儿童不应暴露在保存或压力处理木材或其灰尘在施工。在建造游乐场或游乐设施时,成年人在处理压力处理木材时应采取特别的预防措施。 For all wood treatment substances, including arsenic, double coat the pressure treated wood with an appropriate non-toxic, non-slippery wood sealant, such as an oil-based stain. Reapply every two years Do not place food, drink or paper products used for eating on preserved or pressure-treated wood products that have not been properly sealed. Children and staff should wash their hands immediately after playing on wooden playground equipment that contains preservatives. Do not use wood that shows signs of crystallization or resin on its exterior. Use only clean pressure-treated wood. Inspect structures for wood decay and/or structural weakness regularly. If the pressure-treated wood cracks to expose the interior, but the wood is still structurally sound, apply a double coat of non-toxic, non slippery wood sealant to the effected area. If there are still concerns about using pressure-treated wood, alternatives to consider include cedar, redwood, painted metal, or plastic. Types of Pressure-Treated Wood The most commonly used substances that are or may have been used for playground structures are Pentachlorophenol (PCP), Creosote, Arsenic and related compounds and CCA. CCA contains Arsenic Pentoxide, Copper Oxide, Chromium (III) Oxide or different related compounds. Other wood preserving substances used are Copper Napthenate, Zinc Napthenate, Copper-3, Niedox-10 (contains Boric Acid) and Ethylene Glycol. The least acutely toxic are Copper Napthenate, Zinc Napthenate, Copper-8, Niedox-10, and Arsenic. Creosote and PCP are the most acutely toxic. Playground structures and other home-based structures built from pressure-treated wood are most likely to be of the CCA type. Routes of Entry Toxins may enter the body through the skin or by ingestion. Ingestion occurs most frequently when contaminated hands are mouthed or contaminated hands are used on food that is being eaten. Splinters piercing the skin are a more questionable means of entry. Wood is an irritating substance. Different woods have different degrees of irritation. The combination of chemical and wood irritation may lead to an adverse reaction. Health Effects of Exposure Some effects that can be associated with pressure-treated wood are an irritation of skin, eyes, nose or throat. In the manufacturing or construction process there may be an increased risk of cancer due to significant or prolonged exposure. Available sampling data related to the use of CCA-treated wood indicate low but detectable amounts of arsenic residue released from such structures. However, under typical use these amounts of arsenic would not be expected to present unusual health concerns. It is important to note that any exposures can be reduced or eliminated by following the precautions described above. Current Regulatory Activities The agency responsible for regulating the use of chemicals used in pressure-treated wood is the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA reviews toxicity and exposure information on these products before allowing them to be used. EPA periodically reviews new scientific information for registered products to determine if there is a need for change in the regulatory practices. For More Information Massachusetts Department of Public Health Max Care Health Line (800) 487-1119 Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Environmental Health Assessment (617) 624-5757 Environmental Protection Agency regional office (617) 918-1111


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11/15/2021 14:10:13
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